DC - SUPERMAN comics group - 15 серии, 3668 комикса [1938, CBR] - Action Comics, All Star Superman, Bizarro Comics, Kyrpto the Super Dog, Man of Steel, Smallville Magazine, Lex Luthor, STAR Corps, Steel, Super-Team Family, Superboy, Supergirl и проч. 

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DC - SUPERMAN comics group - 155 серии, 3658 комикса
Год выпуска: 1938
Жанр: Superhero
Издательство: DC
Формат: CBR
Качество: Отсканированные страницы
Описание:
Superman is a fictional character, a comic book superhero widely considered to be an American cultural icon.
Created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian-born artist Joe Shuster in 1932 while both were living in Cleveland, Ohio, and sold to Detective Comics, Inc. in 1938, the character first appeared in Action Comics #1 (June 30, 1938) and subsequently appeared in various radio serials, television programs, films, newspaper strips, and video games. With the success of his adventures, Superman helped to create the superhero genre and establish its primacy within the American comic book. The character's appearance is distinctive and iconic: a red, blue and yellow costume, complete with cape, like a circus costume, with a stylized "S" shield on his chest. This shield is now typically used across media to symbolize the character.
The origin story of Superman relates that he was born Kal-El on the planet Krypton, before being rocketed to Earth as an infant by his scientist father Jor-El, moments before Krypton's destruction. Discovered and adopted by a Kansas farmer and his wife, the child is raised as Clark Kent and imbued with a strong moral compass. Very early he started to display superhuman abilities, which upon reaching maturity he resolved to use for the benefit of humanity.
While referred to less than flatteringly as "the big blue Boy Scout" by some of his fellow superheroes,[9] Superman is hailed as "The Man of Steel", "The Man of Tomorrow", and "The Last Son of Krypton" by the general public within the comics. As Clark Kent, Superman lives among humans as a "mild-mannered reporter" for the Metropolis newspaper Daily Planet (Daily Star in the earliest stories). There he works alongside reporter Lois Lane, with whom he is romantically linked. This relationship has been consummated by marriage on numerous occasions across various media, and the union is now firmly established within the mainstream comics continuity.
The character's supporting cast, powers, and trappings have slowly expanded throughout the years. Superman's backstory was altered to allow for adventures as Superboy, and other survivors of Krypton were created, including Supergirl and Krypto the Superdog. In addition, Superman has been licensed and adapted into a variety of media, from radio to television and film. The motion picture Superman Returns was released in 2006, with a performance at the international box office which exceeded expectations.[10] In the seven decades since Superman's debut, the character has been revamped and updated several times.
A significant overhaul occurred in 1986, when John Byrne revamped and retconned the character, reducing Superman's powers and erasing several characters from the canon, in a move that attracted media attention. Press coverage was again garnered in the 1990s with The Death of Superman, a storyline which saw the character killed and later restored to life.
Superman has fascinated scholars, with cultural theorists, commentators, and critics alike exploring the character's impact and role in the United States and the rest of the world. Umberto Eco discussed the mythic qualities of the character in the early 1960s, and Larry Niven has pondered the implications of a sexual relationship the character might enjoy with Lois Lane. The character's ownership has often been the subject of dispute, with Siegel and Shuster twice suing for the return of legal ownership. The copyright is again currently in dispute, with changes in copyright law allowing Siegel's wife and daughter to claim a share of the copyright, a move DC parent company Warner Bros. disputes.

Creation and conception

"The Reign of the Super-Man" in the fanzine Science Fiction vol. 1, #3 (June 1933).
Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster first created a bald telepathic villain bent on dominating the entire world. He appeared in the short story "The Reign of the Super-Man" from Science Fiction #3, a science fiction fanzine that Siegel published in 1933.
Siegel re-wrote the character in 1933 as a hero, bearing little or no resemblance to his villainous namesake, and began a six-year quest to find a publisher. Titling it The Superman, Siegel and Shuster offered it to Consolidated Book Publishing, who had published a 48-page black-and-white comic book entitled Detective Dan: Secret Operative No. 48. Although the duo received an encouraging letter, Consolidated never again published comic books. Shuster took this to heart and burned all pages of the story, the cover surviving only because Siegel rescued it from the fire. Siegel and Shuster each compared this character to Slam Bradley, an adventurer the pair had created for Detective Comics #1 (May 1939).[13]
Siegel contacted other artists to collaborate on the strip, according to Gerard Jones feeling that "Superman was going nowhere with Joe". Tony Strobl, Mel Graff and Russell Keaton were all contacted as potential collaborators by Siegel.
Artwork produced by Keaton based on Siegel's treatment shows the concept evolving. Superman is now sent back in time as a baby by the last man on Earth, where he is found and raised by Sam and Molly Kent. However Keaton did not pursue the collaboration, and soon Siegel and Shuster were back working together on the character again.
The pair re-envisioned the character, who became more of a hero in the mythic tradition, inspired by such characters as Samson and Hercules,[16] who would right the wrongs of Siegel and Shuster's times, fighting for social justice and against tyranny. It was at this stage the costume was introduced, Siegel later recalling that they created a "kind of costume and let's give him a big S on his chest, and a cape, make him as colorful as we can and as distinctive as we can."[5] The design was based in part on the costumes worn by characters in outer space settings published in pulp magazines, as well as comic strips such as Flash Gordon,[17] and also partly suggested by the traditional circus strong-man outfit.[5][18] However, the cape has been noted as being markedly different from the Victorian tradition. Gary Engle described it as without "precedent in popular culture" in Superman at Fifty: The Persistence of a Legend.[19] The pants-over-tights outfit was soon established as the basis for many future superhero outfits. This third version of the character was given extraordinary abilities, although this time of a physical nature as opposed to the mental abilities of the villainous Superman.[5]
The locale and the hero's civilian names were inspired by the movies, Shuster said in 1983. "Jerry created all the names. We were great movie fans, and were inspired a lot by the actors and actresses we saw. As for Clark Kent, he combined the names of Clark Gable and Kent Taylor. And Metropolis, the city in which Superman operated, came from the Fritz Lang movie [Metropolis, 1927], which we both loved".[20]
Although they were by now selling material to comic book publishers, notably Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson's National Allied Publishing, the pair decided to feature this character in a comic strip format, rather than in the longer comic book story format that was establishing itself at this time. They offered it to both Max Gaines, who passed, and to United Feature Syndicate, who expressed interest initially but finally rejected the strip in a letter dated February 18, 1937. However, in what historian Les Daniels describes as "an incredibly convoluted turn of events", Max Gaines ended up positioning the strip as the lead feature in Wheeler-Nicholson's new publication, Action Comics. Vin Sullivan, editor of the new book, wrote to the pair requesting that the comic strips be refashioned to suit the comic book format, requesting "eight panels a page". However Siegel and Shuster ignored this, utilizing their own experience and ideas to create page layouts, with Siegel also identifying the image used for the cover of Action Comics #1 (June 1938), Superman's first appearance.[21]
Siegel may have been inspired to create the Superman character due to the death of his father. Mitchell Siegel was an immigrant who owned a clothing store on New York's Lower East Side. He died during a robbery attempt in 1932, a year before Superman was created. Although Siegel never mentioned the death of his father in interviews, both Gerard Jones and Brad Meltzer believe it must have affected him. "It had to have an effect," says Jones. "There's a connection there: the loss of a dad as a source for Superman." Meltzer states: "Your father dies in a robbery, and you invent a bulletproof man who becomes the world's greatest hero. I'm sorry, but there's a story there."
Superman's first appearance was in Action Comics #1, in 1938. In 1939, a self-titled series was launched. The first issue mainly reprinted adventures published in Action Comics, but despite this the book achieved greater sales.[23] 1939 also saw the publication of New York World's Fair Comics, which by summer of 1942 became World's Finest Comics. With issue #7 of All Star Comics, Superman made the first of a number of infrequent appearances, on this occasion appearing in cameo to establish his honorary membership of the Justice Society of America.[24]
Initially Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster would provide the story and art for all the strips published. However, Shuster's eyesight began to deteriorate, and the increasing appearances of the character saw an increase in the workload. This led Shuster to establish a studio to assist in the production of the art, although he insisted on drawing the face of every Superman the studio produced. Outside the studio, Jack Burnley began supplying covers and stories in 1940, and in 1941, artist Fred Ray began contributing a stream of Superman covers, some of which, such as that of Superman #14 (Feb. 1942), became iconic and much-reproduced. Wayne Boring, initially employed in Shuster's studio, began working for DC Comics in his own right in 1942 providing pages for both Superman and Action Comics.[26] Al Plastino was hired initially to copy Wayne Boring but was eventually allowed to create his own style and became one of the most prolific Superman artists during the Gold and Silver Ages of comics.
The scripting duties also became shared. In late 1939 a new editorial team assumed control of the character's adventures. Whitney Ellsworth, Mort Weisinger and Jack Schiff were brought in following Vin Sullivan's departure. This new editorial team brought in Edmond Hamilton, Manly Wade Wellman, and Alfred Bester, established writers of science fiction.
By 1943, Jerry Siegel was drafted into the army in a special celebration, and his duties there saw high contributions drop. Don Cameron and Alvin Schwartz joined the writing team, Schwartz teaming up with Wayne Boring to work on the Superman comic strip which had been launched by Siegel and Shuster in 1939.
In 1945, Superboy made his debut in More Fun Comics #101. The character moved to Adventure Comics in 1946, and his own title, Superboy, launched in 1949. The 1950s saw the launching of Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen (1954) and Superman's Girlfriend Lois Lane (1958). By 1974 these titles had merged into Superman Family, although the series was cancelled in 1982. DC Comics Presents was a series published from 1978 to 1986 featuring team-ups between Superman and a wide variety of other characters of the DC Universe.
In 1986, a decision was taken to restructure the universe the Superman character inhabited with other DC characters. This saw the publication of "Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow", a two part story written by Alan Moore, with art by Curt Swan, George Perez and Kurt Schaffenberger.[29] The story was published in Superman #423 and Action Comics #583, and presented what Les Daniels notes as "the sense of loss the fans might have experienced if this had really been the last Superman tale."[30]
Superman's origin is reimagined in The Man of Steel #1 (July 1986), written and drawn by John Byrne.
Superman was relaunched by writer & artist John Byrne, initially in the limited series The Man of Steel (1986). 1986 also saw the cancellation of World's Finest Comics, and the Superman title renamed Adventures of Superman. A second volume of Superman was launched in 1987, running until cancellation in 2006. This cancellation saw Adventures of Superman revert to the Superman title. Superman: The Man of Steel was launched in 1991, running until 2003, whilst the quarterly book Superman: The Man of Tomorrow ran from 1995 to 1999. In 2003 Superman/Batman launched, as well as the Superman: Birthright limited series, with All Star Superman launched in 2005 and Superman Confidential in 2006 (this title was cancelled in 2008).
Current ongoing publications that feature Superman on a regular basis are Superman, Action Comics, All-Star Superman, Superman/Batman, Justice League of America, Justice League Unlimited and The Legion of Super-Heroes In The 31st Century. The character often appears as a guest star in other series and is usually a pivotal figure in DC Comics crossover events.
Библиография

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Action Comics
Action Comics began in 1938. Action Comics #1 featured the introduction of Superman. Ten annual issues have also been printed between 1987 and 2008 (1987-1997 and 2007-current). Issue #0 (October 1994) was published between issues #703 and #704 during the Zero Hour crossover event and issue #1,000,000 (November 1998) was published between #748 and #749 during the DC One Million crossover event. Over 860 issues of Action Comics have been published to date (not counting annuals).
Superman
Volume One ran 1939 to 1986 for 423 issues, with twelve annual issues printed between 1960-1986 (1960-1964 and 1983-1986) . In 1986, this series was retitled Adventures of Superman, continuing with the same numbering, from 1987 to 2006, issues #424 to #649, with nine annuals (numbered #1 - #9) also printed. A second volume of Superman ran concurrently with issues #1 - #226 and twelve annuals. Starting with #650, the first series was again retitled Superman in 2006 after the events of the Infinite Crisis limited series. The annual editions after the retitling back to Superman (Volume 1) continued starting with Annual #13 in November 2007.
Superman/Batman
Featuring DC's two most iconic heroes, Superman/Batman debuted in August 2003. This series is not firmly set into continuity, but has been a launching point for several large storylines, including the downfall of Lex Luthor as President and the return of Kara Zor-El as Supergirl from Krypton. Two annual issues have been published as of 2008.
All Star Superman
This series does not follow the main continuity of the DC Universe, but was created to tell reinterpreted stories of Superman and his cast (the other such title published by DC is All Star Batman and Robin and Boy Wonder). This series is a limited series running for twelve issues, but may include additional one-shots or limited series in the future.
Formerly published titles
Superman Titles
These were titles in which Superman starred.
Adventures of Superman was originally Volume 1 of Superman. It ran titled as Adventures of... from 1987 to 2006, issues 424 to 649, with an issue #0 (October 1994) published between issues #516 and #517 during the Zero Hour crossover event and issue #1,000,000 (November 1998) published between issues #562 and #563 during the DC One Million crossover event. Issue 650 was retitled back to Superman, with Volume 2 of Superman cancelled with #226. Adventures of Superman also had nine annual issues printed. The annual editions after the retitling back to Superman (Volume 1) will be continued starting with Annual #13 in November 2007 (the last annual issue prior to the 1987 retitling was Annual #12 in 1986). Nine annuals were printed using the Adventures of Superman title from 1987 to 1997.[1]
Superman (vol. 2) ran from 1987 to 2006. 226 issues were printed, and was first launched after John Byrne revamped the Superman character. Twelve annual issues were printed. Note: this series lasted a total of 228 issues due to an issue #0 (October 1994) published between issues #93 and #94 during the Zero Hour crossover event and issue #1,000,000 (November 1998) published between issues #139 and #140 during the DC One Million crossover event. Twelve annuals were printed in this series from 1987 to 2000.[2]
Superman: The Man of Steel has a title similar to The Man of Steel miniseries. However, Man of Steel was printed in 1986, where as Superman:TMOS was printed from 1991 to 2003, ending at 134 issues. Note: 136 issues were printed with an issue #0 (October 1994) published between issues #37 and #38 during the Zero Hour crossover event and issue #1,000,000 (November 1998) published between issues #83 and #84 during the DC One Million crossover event. Six annual issues were printed between 1992 to 1997. Once this series began, there was a new Superman book each week for every month, except for 4 weeks out of the year.[3]
Superman: The Man of Tomorrow was a series published from summer 1995 to fall 1999, ending at 15. The series filled in the four weeks of the year that an issue of Action Comics, Superman: The Man of Steel, Adventures of Superman, and Superman were not printed as a fifth week to give 52 weeks of Superman stories. 'Note: this series lasted a total of 16 issues due to an issue #1,000,000 (November 1998) being published between issues #11 and #12 during the DC One Million crossover event. As this was a quarterly book, no additional special books were published using this title.[4]
Superman Confidential was a series published from November 2006 to April 2008, ending at 14. The series focused on telling of early Superman moments. [5]
Superboy and Supergirl Titles
Superboy (first volume) - Mar/Apr 1949 - August 1977 - 230 issues + 1 annual [6]
Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes - the original Superboy series was renamed to this title in 1977. September 1977 - December 1979 - issues 231 - 258. Series renamed to Legion of Super-Heroes (second volume) starting with issue 259 to 313, runs from January 1980 to July 1984.[7]
The New Adventures of Superboy; this series ran from 1980 through 1984 for a total of 54 issues. [8]
Superboy: The Comic Book (second volume) + 1 special - The second Superboy series was based on the live-action series that ran on television. This series was later renamed The Adventures of Superboy.[9]
Superboy (third volume) - Feb 1994 - Jul 2002 - 102 issues + 4 annuals + 2 plus books - Featured Conner Kent (Kon-El), the clone of Superman and Lex Luthor.[10]
Supergirl (first volume) - Nov 1972 - Sep/Oct 1974 - 10 issues staring Kara Zor-El, Superman's Cousin from Krypton.[11]
Supergirl (second volume) Originally The Daring New Adventures of Supergirl - Dec 1983 - Sep 1984 - 10 issues + Movie Adaption [12]
Supergirl (third volume) - Feb 1994 - May 1994 - 4 issue mini-series that detailed the adventures of Matrix learning the truth about Lex Luthor.[13]
Supergirl (forth volume) - Sep 1996 - May 2003 - 82 issues + 2 annuals, featured Matrix bonding with Linda Danvers and the Earth Born Angel series. Ended with the "Many Happy Returns" Arc.[14]
More Fun Comics - featured the debut and earliest adventures of Superboy.
Superboy and the Ravers - Sep 1996 - Mar 1998 - 19 issues - Featured Superboy (Kon-El) and a team of heroes.[15]
Other Titles
Smallville - based on the television series of the same name.
Superman Adventures - series based on and tied with the 1990s animated series produced by Paul Dini.
The Superman Chronicles - a series of trade paperbacks, reprinting the earliest Superman stories in chronological order.
Superman's Girlfriend, Lois Lane - Mar/Apr 1958 - Sep/Oct 1974 - a 137 issues + 2 Annuals title that starred Lois Lane.[16]
Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen - a 163 issue title published from Sep/Oct 1954 to Feb/Mar 1974 that starred Jimmy Olsen.[17]
Superman Family - Apr/May 1974 - Sep 1982 - 59 issues (164 - 222) - an anthology title that continued the numbering of Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen and combined with tales of Supergirl and Lois Lane.[18]
Steel - Feb 1994 - Jul 1998 - 53 issues + 2 annuals - a Solo series that continued the adventures of John Henry Irons (Steel).[19]
Infinity Inc. (second volume) - Nov 2007 - Oct 2008 - 12 issues - a new team of Infinity Inc. staring John Henry Irons (Steel).
Other Published Titles
DC Comics Presents: Superman (2004)
Graphic Novels
Superman: End of the Century (1999)
Son of Superman (2000)
Superman: Infinite City (2005)
Mini-Series
Superman: The Secret Years (1985). Covers the pre-Crisis Superman's years in college.
The Man of Steel (1986). Superman's post-Crisis origin and early history.
Superman/Doomsday: Hunter/Prey (1994, 1998)
Superman For All Seasons (1998)
Superman: The Doomsday Wars (1998, 2000)
Superman: The Dark Side (1998)
Batman and Superman: World's Finest (1999)
Kingdom (1999)
Superman's Nemesis: Lex Luthor (1999)
Superman vs Predator' (1999, 2001)
Batman/Superman/Wonder Woman: Trinity (2003)
Superman: Birthright (2003-2004). A revised take on Superman's origin and early history.
Superman/Shazam: First Thunder (2005-2006)
Final Crisis: Superman Beyond #1-2
One-Shots
Superman vs. Muhammad Ali (1978)
Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman (1994)
Superman: At Earth's End (1995)
Superman: The Man of Steel: Gallery (1995)
Super-Soldier (1996)
Superman/Toyman (1996)
The Superman (Tangent) (1998)
Superman: Distant Fires (1998)
Superman: Peace on Earth (1998)
Superman: Save the Planet (1998)
Superman: Transformed! (1998)
JLA: Superpower (1999)
Superman Forever (1998)
Superman: King of the World (1999)
Green Lantern/Superman: Legends of the Green Flame (2000)
Millennium Edition: Action Comics # 1 (2000)
Millennium Edition: The Man of Steel #1 (2000)
Sins of Youth: Superman Jr. And Superboy Sr. (2000)
Superman and Batman: World's Funnest (2000)
Superman Y2K (2000)
Superman: Emperor Joker (2000)
Superman: Eradication (2000)
Superman: Last God of Krypton (2000)
Superman: Metropolis Secret Files (2000)
Superman: Panic in the Sky (2000)
Superman: Our Worlds at War Secret Files (2001)
Superman: Where Is Thy Sting (2001)
Superman: Lex 2000 (2001)
DC First: Flash/Superman (2002)
DC First: Superman/Lobo (2002)
Superman & Savage Dragon: Chicago (2002)
Superman Versus Darkseid: Apokolips Now! (2003)
Superman: Secret Files & Origins 2004 (2004)
Superman Secret Files & Origins 2005 (2006)
Elseworlds
Superman vs the Amazing Spider-Man: The Battle of the Century(1976)
Marvel Treasury Edition #28(1981)- Superman and Spider-Man versus Dr. Doom and Parasite
Superman: The Earth Stealers (1988)
Kamandi: At Earths End (1993)
Superman Gallery (1993)
Superman: Speeding Bullets (1993)
Superman: Under a Yellow Sun (1994)
Superman vs Aliens (1995)
Superman: Kal (1995)
Superman: Man of Steel: Doomsday is Coming (1995)
Superman: Man of Steel: Target Superman (1995)
DC Versus Marvel (1996)
Kingdom Come (1996)
Legends of the Dark Claw (1996)
Superman Plus (1997)
Superman Villains Secret Files (1998)
Superman: Secret Files (1998-Current)
Supermen of America (1999)
Team Superman (1999)
Superman: For the Animals (2000)
Superman: President Luthor Secret Files (2001)
Superman: Day of Doom (2002)
Superman/Thundercats (2003)
Superman: The Ten Cent Adventure (2003)
Superman: Last Stand on Krypton (2003)
Superman: Red Son (2003)
Superman: Metropolis (2003-2004)
Superman: Secret Identity (2004)
Superman: True Brit (2004)
Superman: Strength (2005)
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